Can Drug Use Cause Psychosis?

Can Drug Use Cause Psychosis?There are many possible causes of psychosis, an abnormal mental state that disconnects the affected person from reality. A multitude of central nervous system diseases may cause psychosis, but a substance-induced psychosis is by far the most common cause of this devastating mental illness.

Drugs That May Cause Psychosis That Every Californian Should Know

Listed below are the various types of substances that may cause psychosis symptoms. Explanations and examples are listed as needed.

  • Alcohol
  • Amphetamine
  • Caffeine
  • Cannabis
  • Cocaine
  • Desoxypipradrol (a legal medication for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, ADHD)
  • Dimethyltryptamine (a naturally occurring psychedelic substance that is illegal in the U.S.)
  • Gammahydroxybutyric acid (including other related medications, such as gammabutyrolactone and 1, 4-butanediol, for the treatment of cataplexy and narcolepsy)
  • Inhalants
  • Ketamine (used for human and animal general anesthesia)
  • LSD
  • MDMA (“Ecstasy”)
  • Mephedrone (a synthetic stimulant)
  • Mescaline (occurs naturally in the peyote cactus)
  • Methamphetamine
  • Methcathinone (a psychoactive stimulant)
  • Opiates (heroin)
  • Phencyclidine (PCP)
  • Piperazine-based drugs (includes pharmaceutical and veterinary uses)
  • Psilocybin (naturally occurring psychedelic in psilocybin mushrooms)
  • High-dosage anabolic steroids

How Drug Use Affects Psychosis in California Residents

Because an addiction is both physically and mentally affecting, psychological health is an important component of the overall health of California residents. It’s estimated that 50 percent of those suffering from a mental health issue are also self-medicating with drugs. No matter whether psychosis develops before or during substance abuse, improper drug use will only worsen the user’s mental health. Psychosis may develop indirectly from drug use. For example, someone using heroin may become schizophrenic, then as the addiction worsens and other drugs are introduced, a state of psychosis may set in.

Californian’s Seeking Treatment for Psychosis

As with any disease, diagnosing and treating psychosis early is the key to overcoming its damaging effects. When treatment involves care for both addiction and psychosis, it is known as Dual Diagnosis. The addiction may perpetuate the psychosis if both are not properly and simultaneously treated. Untreated psychosis can also continue the cycle of addiction. Early treatments for psychosis include the following:

  • Antipsychotic medication properly administered while hospitalized under professional medical care
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy
  • Animal assisted therapy
  • Family therapy

Many Californians who develop substance-induced psychosis have a very treatable form of the mental illness and are able to recover with proper treatment and continued therapies. Addiction is also a treatable disease that can be made completely livable with rehab programs and aftercare.

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